Nanomaterial effects on C. elegans locomotion

Nanomaterial: TiO2 nanotube: Titanium dioxide nanotubes
Concentration: 2.08 µg/cm² (dispersant: DI water).
Control: DI Water
Test Method

Trial 1
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 0.587 161 -
Nanomaterial 0.777 0.459 103 0.00061
Trial 2
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 0.772 381 -
Nanomaterial 1.19 0.806 34 0.19
Trial 3
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 0.906 914 -
Nanomaterial 0.552 0.285 63 4.1e-14
Trial 4
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 1.005 1857 -
Nanomaterial 0.732 0.487 45 0.00050