Nanomaterial effects on C. elegans locomotion

Nanomaterial: TiO2 nanotube: Titanium dioxide nanotubes
Concentration: 1.04 µg/cm² (dispersant: DI water).
Control: DI Water
Test Method

Trial 1
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 0.587 161 -
Nanomaterial 0.75 0.564 92 0.00087
Trial 2
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 0.772 381 -
Nanomaterial 0.997 0.823 68 0.98
Trial 3
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 0.906 914 -
Nanomaterial 0.643 0.373 39 1.3e-7
Trial 4
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 1.005 1857 -
Nanomaterial 0.789 0.572 88 0.0013