Nanomaterial effects on C. elegans locomotion

Nanomaterial: TiO2 nanoparticle
Concentration: 2.08 µg/cm² (dispersant: DI water).
Control: DI Water
Test Method

Trial 1
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 0.587 161 -
Nanomaterial 0.817 0.505 119 0.0054
Trial 2
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 0.906 914 -
Nanomaterial 0.54 0.311 16 7.9e-8
Trial 3
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 1.005 1857 -
Nanomaterial 0.853 0.652 101 0.034