Nanomaterial effects on C. elegans locomotion

Nanomaterial: CeO2: Cerium oxide nanopowder
Concentration: 1.04 µg/cm² (dispersant: DI water).
Control: DI Water
Test Method

Trial 1
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 0.587 161 -
Nanomaterial 0.811 0.459 76 0.0074
Trial 2
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 0.906 914 -
Nanomaterial 0.97 0.647 49 0.76
Trial 3
  Worm locomotion
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
Control 1 1.023 632 -
Nanomaterial 1.079 0.849 39 0.58