Nanomaterial effects on C. elegans body size

Nanomaterial: TiO2 nanotube: Titanium dioxide nanotubes
Concentration: 1.04 µg/cm² (dispersant: DI water).
Control: DI Water
Test Method

Trial 1
  Worm length
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
(Student's t-test)
Control 1 0.08 222 -
Nanomaterial 1.01 0.05 24 0.59
Trial 2
  Worm length
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
(Student's t-test)
Control 1 0.08 201 -
Nanomaterial 0.88 0.08 37 3.0e-11
Trial 3
  Worm length
average (normalized)
S.D. n p value
(Student's t-test)
Control 1 0.09 223 -
Nanomaterial 0.97 0.12 46 0.063